China is arguably the biggest economy in Asia despite the recent economic decline as evidenced by the recession period. In addition, its stocks on industrial profits have been falling substantially, thus prompting the Chinese government to take an immediate action. To add on, the economy of any country in the world is largely determined by politics. You can never run way from it. That is why it is important to have a thorough understanding of China politics.
China is a social republic which is led by one party called Communist Party of China. The country has a constitution called The Constitution of People’s Republic of China. It contains rules and regulations concerning leadership and state power.
In China politics, the power of the state is usually exercised via the Communist Party which is the ruling party. It is also implemented by the Central’s People Government as well as provincial and local representatives. In case there arises any kind of misunderstanding among the people of China, the Chinese government through the Communist party makes use of what is referred to as Internal Reference in order to monitor and manage it successfully.
China has a dual system of leadership where every office which is sometimes called the Bureau is under the jurisdiction and leadership of a particular local leader as well as the respective office at top government level.
In China politics, just like in many other nations, elections are usually conducted to get new representatives after certain duration of time. For instance, at county level, voters elect People’s Congress members. The elected People’s Congress members have a duty to oversee the activities of the local government. They also elect members to the Provincial People’s Congress. Once we have members of Provincial People’s Congress, they in turn elect members to a much higher level called the National People’s Congress. Members at national level usually convene in the month of March in Beijing city.
Who Rules China?
China is ruled by the president. The president of China is the head of state as well as the head of government. He is the main figure in the National People’s Congress. He also serves other ceremonious functions associated with the presidency.
The President of China has the duty to preside over other senior leaders who are next in command. These include the four vice premiers, ministerial heads as well as heads of commissions.
The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China has the final power as well as authority over the government and state of China. This is because China is a single party republic, with all the authority vested in the ruling party.
There are quite a number of challenges that have been experienced in China politics and leadership over the past years. Because of its huge geographical size, governing this vast nation from Beijing has been met with a myriad of challenges. Some of them stem from the egocentric leaders who just want to satisfy their selfish interest. Some members of the Communist Party at local level are only interested in acquiring wealth at the expense of bringing development to their people. In addition, because Beijing, where the central government is based is far away, it has always proven difficulty for it to assert maximum authority to local levels.
Leaders at the central government level in the republic of China have a duty to formulate policies which are important for the leadership of the entire nation.
The country has also been undergoing economic transformations despite that fact that the Communist Party maintains that China is still in the first phase of Socialism which encourages communal ownership of property. Many people are of the view that China is slowly adopting privatization especially in the housing sector.
The Communist Party
It is the ruling party in China politics. The Communist party has a huge number of members totaling to an overwhelming 80 million plus. This party plays a major influence over the economy of China. For instance, command economy system stipulated that any property that was owned by the state was supposed to have a party committee. This meant that the party would influence key decisions made in all issues to do with the Chinese economy.
Later on, market economy was introduced in China. This limited the power of the party over economic institutions. This market economy system still exists up to date.
Every institution of government in People’s Republic of China has a Communist party committee which plays a big role in matters regarding administration.
The central government in China politics is considered to be very effective at the top level but weakens when power spreads to the grassroots. Areas where it is more dominant include government offices in Beijing, industrial and other urban settings.
The Communist Party of China (CPC) is in charge of selecting as well as promoting people at different levels of administration. It also ensure that members adhere the policies of the party as well as that of the state. In addition, Communist Party helps to make sure that non-party members do not form independent institution which may in one way or another challenge or oppose the ruling party.
The constitution also requires that every government institution should include a non -party member.
In China politics, top most body of the Communist Party is called Party Congress. Party Congress usually convenes at least once within a period of every 5 years. Their meetings used to be irregular in the past. But ever since the country went through Cultural Revolution, things have changed. The Party Congress now meets regularly. It elects the Central Committee.
Here Are The Primary Organs of Power In The Communist Party
The General Secretary – It is ranked the highest
Politburo- It is composed of 22 members
Politburo standing committee- It currently consists of 7 members. It is regarded as the most powerful decision making committee in the republic of China.
The Secretariat- It is the main mechanism of administration of the Communist Party of China. The General Secretary is the head of CPC.
Central Discipline Inspection Commission- It has the duty to stamp out corruption among individuals in all party levels.
The Central Government
Here is a list of the organs of state power in China
National People’s Congress
National People’s Congress
This is the highest organ of state in terms of powers in the republic of China.NPC conducts its meetings every year for a period of about 14 days. Its members meet in order to carry out a number of important activities. Such include reviewing and approving the new policies, budgets, laws and changes in personnel.
The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPCSC) is mainly involved in adopting Chinese national laws. Initiatives are usually forwarded to NPCSC so that they can be considered by members of the state council. This usually occurs after they have been endorsed several times by Politburo Committee which belongs to the Communist party.